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MATHHBX.                                                            3

part, which treats of *' the etymology of local names in Northern India as exempliied
in the district of Mathura." Mr. Growse has certainly succeeded in proving his
general position that " local names- in Upper India are, as a rule, of no Yery remote
antiquity, and are, primd facie, referable to Sanskrit and Hindi rather than to any
other language," though some of his derivations perhaps will not meet with general
acceptance. Another valuable new chapter is the fourth, which gives probably the
fullest extent description of the Holi festival of the Hindus; and the eighth, which
gives a very detailed account of some of the most important Taishnava reformers.
Of the older portions of the Memoir^ the most interesting are the two historical and
archaeological chapters; one of which narrates the fortunes of Mathura during the
period of Muhammadan supremacy, while the other relates what is known of the
history of that city and its famous monasteries and stupas in the early centuries of our
era, when it was almost wholly given up to Buddhism. The extremely interesting
remains of this period, the discovery and preservation of which are mainly due to the
indefatigable exertions of the author of the Memoir, are carefully and minutely des-
cribed. The whole work is divided,into two parts, and the second is wholly devoted to
statistical information which, though unreadable to the general public, will, of course,
be extremely useful to Government officials. The requirements of the former are
liberally consulted by the first and much the larger part, which contains separate
chapters on probably everything of interest connected with Mathura. Not the least
of the merits of the book consists in the many beautiful photographic and other
illustrations of the most notable persons, buildings and antiquities of Mathura*.
Altogether it is a model of what a district memoir may be made, and the author IB
to be congratulated on the success which he has achieved.—Indian Antiquary.

More fortunate than Lahore is Mathura in yielding treasures of ancient times
and in possessing a man who has entered heart and soul into its  history, past and
present.    In 1874 Mr. Growse published the first edition of his interesting work on
Mathura, which formed one of a uniform series of Local histories compiled by order
of the Government,   To what was n most interesting memoir the author has added
in the second edition, recently published, many important chapters, expanded a few
remakrs on the etymology of local names into a thorough philological discussion, aid
supplemented topographical notes.   The memoir is, moreover, "beaut .fully illustrated
with plates produced by the London Autotype  Company, so as to give the reader
a vivid picture of the subject ia hand.   Mr.  Growse points out with justice the
possibility of an Anglo-Indian architecture—but not as carried out by the Public
Works Department—being spread throughout India, with as great a success as Indo-
Greek art in the days of Asoka^ or the Hindu-Saracenic art in the reign of Akbar
The author of Mafhwr® is a man of taste as well as of learning, and has in consequence